Five Phases of an
has five formal phases. Each phase
is connected to and triggers the
next. APQP is not a “use what I like
and ignore the rest” approach. It
represents a continuum in which each
phase builds upon the next.
Two "Unofficial" Phases
organizations have added additional
phases to their APQP processes.
While these aren't required phases
they include important start-up and
on-going improvement activities that
contribute to the long-term success
of an APQP. They are:
Phase 0 -
APQP Preparation and Team
Phase 6 -
A Little Background
was introduced in 1994 by the AIAG
or Automotive Industry Action Group.
Before then, the requirements of
OEMs (in the automotive sector) were
at times confusing and conflicting.
APQP provided a common platform for
planning, developing and producing a
product or providing a service.
1994 version of APQP was a
collaborative effort involving
Chrysler Corporation, Ford Motor
Company and General Motors
Corporation. In the intervening
years, AIAG membership has grown to
include OEMs such as Caterpillar,
Daimler, Honda, International Truck,
Nissan, Toyota and many automotive
sector part suppliers and service
use of APQP has extended to many
organizations beyond the automotive
PPAP and APQP
Production Part Approval Process (or PPAP) is an important component of