The Normal Curve
The normal curve is one of the most common patterns of variation.
- The normal curve is symmetrical around the mean value.
- Most of the data points are close to the mean but the curve tails off in both directions getting closer and closer to zero.
- Standard SPC techniques are based on the normal curve and its probabilities.
The “68-95-99.7 Rule” applies to all normal curves
- 99.7% of process data fall within ±3 standard deviations of the mean.
- 95% of process data fall within ±2 standard deviations of the mean.
- 68% of process data fall within ±1 standard deviation of the mean.